Why Does Menopause Occur?
Female menopause is – physiological process. The reason for its occurrence is the body’s natural aging, withering fertility, which leads to changes in hormonal levels.
The average age of menopause is about 50. Early menopause can occur in 35-40 years, the late – in 55-65 years. Restructuring takes place in every woman in different ways, some do not even notice it offensive, while others suffer from various symptoms: unexpected flashes when throws “it in hot and cold”, sleep disturbances, irritability, fatigue, forgetfulness, depression, pain in muscles and joints, the appearance of wrinkles.
It depends on many factors: the blood supply of the pelvic organs (especially the ovaries), the health of the spine, the total physical and psychological state of the organism. Menopause is divided into three phases.
- Premenopause. This period of time preceding the end of menstrual bleeding. It lasts from three to seven years. During this period there are changes of the menstrual cycle – the cycle lengthens, menstruation becomes scarce, ovarian hormonal function reduces.
- Menopause – a phase that comes after the last menstrual period. Menopause lasts 12 months in the age of 49-51 years.
- Postmenopausal period is the time from menopause to a complete end of ovarian function, i.e. until the end of a woman’s life.
Menopause – the end of menstruation. From the medical point of view, this means the restructuring of the hormonal status of the woman; she cannot be pregnant any more. Around the age of 40 in women begins the process of involution.
The ovaries at this age do not react to the hormones produced by the pituitary gland. Thus, menstrual cycle is disturbed. On average, the last menstrual period among women observed in the age of 52 years. In general, the offense of menopause can be expected between 45 and 55 years. For some women it may occur earlier, and very rare – later.
The main symptoms of menopause are: lack of menses, vaginal dryness, hot flashes, frequent mood swings.
During menopause increases the risk of myocardial infarction and stroke, there are changes in blood pressure, cholesterol deposits in blood vessel walls, etc.
The most common symptoms of menopause are “tides” of fever to the head and upper body, sweating, irritability, tearfulness. It may be high blood pressure, headaches, and seizures of heartbeat, coldness, dryness, and sleep disturbances.
The sharp drop in the level of the hormone estrogen in postmenopausal cause osteoporosis, which often leads to fractures of the spine, femoral and wrist bones, which weaken the body or even life threatening.
At the age of 40 and 70 years for men there is a change in the male sex glands. Their main function of development of male sex hormones – androgens reduces. Higher center of the regulation of male reproductive glands (testes) loses its sensitivity to testosterone, in the testes degenerative changes occur.
Male menopause – it is a normal physiological process of aging, if it is not accompanied by complaints and clinical manifestations. If there are complaints and changes in the cardiovascular and urogenital systems, menopause is abnormal. This condition is accompanied by psycho-neurotic disorders. Age of entry to the men during menopause may be different. Accepted to distinguish early menopause – up to 45 years, the usual – from 46 to 60 years and later, coming after 60 years.
Because of hormonal changes during this period the men begin to lose their libido. He less and less wants sex. He can have a hobby that will bring him pleasure.
During this period, all men can be divided into two groups: first – accept these changes for granted and do not try to change anything, while the others are beginning to search for the reason why it happens.
The latter sees only one reason – it’s old age and non attractiveness of his wife, the figure is not the same. As for psychology, then this transition period, when a man cannot be considered a sort of young and not old yet.
Usually, male menopause lasts from 2 to 5 years, after which complaints are gradually disappearing.